alternative scenarios and the ability to prescreen incoming forkliftoperator applicants.
Additionally, we’re seeing more training programs that are specific to equipment. For example, our Safety On The Move programhelps assist employers in complying with their duty to properlytrain lift truck operators on specific trucks. Training supervisorson proper operation and procedures is key to making sure that notonly operators know and understand what is expected but alsotheir leadership group knows and understands what to look for.
How have the forklifts themselves been made
safer for the operators?
GRISEZ: When it includes features that provide benefits tothe operator, equipment design can play a significant role in astrong safety culture. Forklift manufacturers that take an opera-tor-centric approach to design can address issues such as visibilityand ergonomics in the design phase to eliminate blind spots, reduce fatigue and integrate other features that enable and promotesafer operation of the vehicle.
The most effective approach to forklift designis to integrate human factors and engineering(HF&E) logic directly into the product development process. In this approach, HF&E practitioners work as part of the design team to helpensure the operator is top of mind throughoutthe process. This enables the forklift to be designed around the way operators work ratherthan forcing operators to adapt their work habitsto the vehicle’s design. The more operators haveto compensate for the design, the more they arelikely to experience unnecessary fatigue.
Visibility is also a major area of emphasis forforklift manufacturers. By introducing forkliftswith sleeker designs and wider openings aroundthe operator compartment, sightlines have beenenhanced in a variety of applications. This canhelp reduce the risk of accidents caused by blindspots or obstructed views.
Another area of attention is mast design. Onreach and turret trucks, mono masts have become a preferred visibility option. On reachtrucks, the mono mast is offset from the center ofthe truck. This enhances visibility, especially atheight, without compromising mast strength andstability. This additional visibility also enablesoperators to avoid frequent bending and leaningoutside of the running lines of the reach truck,helping improve safety and reduce fatigue.
KAUMO: Camera technologies improve visibility, which isespecially important given the low tolerance for product damage.Often deployed with an additional monitor, camera technologiescan now be incorporated into the forklift’s operator display, requiring fewer devices and improving the operator interface.
Automated trucks reduce incident-prone tasks such as drivingthe truck and getting on and off the vehicle. Automated lift trucksare driven over optimized routes at controlled speeds, helping toavoid incidents or damage to goods, and are equipped with innovative vision guidance.
In-Aisle Detection System is a training reinforcement tool thatprovides notice regarding a truck’s proximity to other objects. Thetool uses a scanner to detect objects within an aisle, and if an objectis detected, an In-Aisle Detection System equipped truck will thendecelerate to a stop. The operator can then proceed manually if itis deemed appropriate. A Zoning and Positioning option ensuresmore reliable, repeatable operation by controlling many truckfunctions. Operators are able to focus on their surroundings andthe task at hand instead of searching for locations, so they can learnmore quickly, execute more accurately, and work more efficiently.
LEGO: Toyota designed the “System of Active Stability(SAS) that takes over 3,000 readings per second to detect unsafeoperating conditions. If a safety hazard is detected, the SAS activates one if its two main features that improve lateral and longitudinal stability of the forklift.
Another Toyota safety innovation is Active Mast Control(AMC) technology. AMC is a standard feature in our equipmentthat limits mast tilt to help stabilize a load once the mast is in theair. Both SAS and AMC are engineered to be active, rather thanpassive safety monitoring systems, allowing safety issues to becorrected before they become a problem, rather than after. MH&L
Jack Kaumo, The Raymond
“Automated trucksreduce incident-prone tasks suchas driving the truckand getting on andoff the vehicle. ”
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